Skip to content
Word Callers: How To Stop the Guessing

Word Callers: How To Stop the Guessing

Oct 08, 2019 

“I have students who read really well, but do not comprehend anything!”

I have heard this statement from teachers across the country... from South Carolina, Michigan, New York... and in fact, I used to be one of these teachers. 

I was confused as to why my students, who loved to read aloud to the class and seemed to be reading well, couldn’t comprehend what they were reading. Listening to Emily Hanford’s recent documentary podcast, "At a Loss for Words: How a flawed idea is teaching millions of kids to be poor readers," brought this issue back to the forefront for me.

Once I learned about how the English language works through the Logic of English curriculum, I did eventually figure out the root of the issue with my “good” readers who were not comprehending. This documentary made me realize that I probably was not alone in this.

“At a Loss for Words” points out that students who are reading along and miscue (misread a word) but are “close enough,” are often thought of as fluent readers. However, what is happening is that these students are good at predicting and guessing words.

Child thoughtfully reflecting on their previous phonics lessons.

Guessing, Cueing, And Not Comprehending

My big aha moment was when one of my students, Aaliyah, who always read aloud to the class, volunteered and got to an unknown word and simply said, “that M word.” 

Hmmm… weird, I thought.

I helped Aaliyah with the word and let her continue, but I was listening much more carefully now. I realized that she was skipping smaller words and replacing some other words, but always substituting good guesses for the words that were actually on the page. I started asking students to slow down or reread a sentence where words were missed, and I realized: no wonder they could not comprehend! These students were not able to decode most of the words they were “reading.”

The Foundational Skills of Reading

I think pretty much everyone agrees that we need context to make meaning of words; however, you should not use context to guess what a word is. Students need the foundational skills of phonemic awareness and systematic phonics so they can decode the words first, then recognize known words and use context and other clues to find the meaning of unfamiliar words. Without these foundational skills, students are guessing or are left to make the connections on their own... or not at all.

We Can’t Teach What We Don’t Know 🫶

I didn’t know then everything I now know about reading. It’s hard not to feel a sense of guilt when I realize how many students I might have been able to help had I known what I know now. But we can’t teach what we don’t know.

Now I strive to share the knowledge I've gained with others. The most important thing I've learned is that not all students can make the sound-letter connections intuitively, and therefore this foundational skill must be explicitly taught.

I highly recommend that teachers check out Hanford’s APM documentary “At a Loss for Words” if you haven't already. It's a great resource for anyone who wants to carefully investigate the Science of Reading and learn what the research has proven to work for teaching reading.

Older Post
Newer Post

Read More!

Apr 17, 2024

Summer Reading Activities: Fun in the Sun with Literacy!

Dr. Christy Jones

Are you looking for fun ways to practice reading and writing skills over the summer? Although reading books is always great, here are some more active ways to engage your students in literacy over the summer.

Apr 4, 2024

Fun Ways to Build Kinesthetic Awareness: Unlocking the Power of Kinesthetic Awareness in Phonemic Sensitivity

Laura Vance

Are you looking for engaging ways to build kinesthetic awareness of sounds in learners? Here are a few fun activities to foster kinesthetic awareness of sounds, empowering learners to distinguish and produce sounds correctly and confidently.

Mar 12, 2024

Misconceptions About the English Language: How We Can Provide a More Complete Picture

Nicole Arguello

Learning a more complete set of basic phonograms and learning accurate spelling rules is the most efficient route to mastering English. Instead of leaving so many exceptions, we have the tools to decode 98% of English words.
Close (esc)


Use this popup to embed a mailing list sign up form. Alternatively use it as a simple call to action with a link to a product or a page.

Age verification

By clicking enter you are verifying that you are old enough to consume alcohol.


Your cart is currently empty.
Shop now